Liposuction is the removal of unwanted subcutaneous fat cells from the body. In other words, the fat that exists just below the skin. We all carry fat throughout our body, including around our organs, but most people associate unwanted fat with the fat that is right below the skin - the areas you can pinch. Liposuction targets this unwanted fat by suctioning it out of the body via a small incision and a cannula (a hollow stainless steel tube). The most common area to have Liposuction performed for both men and women is in the abdominal region. However, almost any part of the body that carries unwanted distribution of fat cells can be targeted. It's even used for breast reductions in some women.
There are several methods of Liposuction from which to choose. They include traditional Liposuction (including the "wet method), tumescent Liposuction (including hydroliposculpture), and several generations of ultrasonic Liposuction. Traditional Liposuction is generally expensive, with higher complication rates and moderate levels of improvement in the affected areas. Ultrasonic Liposuction, best performed by experienced surgeons, can nonetheless produce serious complications. Tumescent Liposuction, the safest and most economical of all techniques, produces the most predictable results.
Traditional, tumescent and ultrasonic suction are the main categories of Liposuction methods, but there are many different combinations of Liposuction techniques. All have varying degrees of risk, patient comfort and quality of results. So, it is important to thoroughly discuss your surgeon's treatment approach, any health issues or concerns you may have, and your expected results prior to agreeing to surgery.